Sugar content was recorded below the detection limit.
Caffeine content was measured at 260.2 mg/serving. This product's Supplement Facts label does not specify its caffeine content.
Creatine content was measured at 1472.3 mg/serving, 26.39% below its 2000 mg label claim.
Beta-Alanine content was measured at 1574 mg/serving. This product's Supplement Facts label does not specify its beta-alanine content.
Arginine (as arginine-AKG) content was measured at 982.4 mg/serving. This product's Supplement Facts label does not specify its arginine-AKG content.
One serving of this product recorded less than 0.1 mcg of total arsenic. Using the assumption that inorganic arsenic comprises 80% of total arsenic, one serving of this product falls below inorganic arsenic’s daily intake limit of 0.1 mcg.
This product recorded less than 0.02 mcg of cadmium, falling below cadmium's 4.1 mcg daily intake limit.
This product recorded 0.201 mcg of lead, falling below lead's 0.5 mcg daily intake limit.
This product recorded 0.038 mcg of mercury, falling below mercury's 0.3 mcg daily intake limit.
This product does not claim any calorie, carbohydrate, or sugar content.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has cited that caffeine intake up to 400 mg/day is generally recognized as safe for healthy adults. Two servings of this product would exceed this limit.
This product contains Sucralose (Splenda), considered a safer artificial sweetener. Sucralose has been suggested to be a trigger of migraines in those who have previously suffered from migraines, but has shown no conclusive carcinogenic, reproductive, or neurological adverse effects in existing clinical research.
Note: This product contains picamilon, a nootropic ingredient recently banned by the FDA. All sales of this product have ceased.
This product contains 260.2 mg of caffeine per serving. Caffeine is a popular stimulant shown to increase energy, decrease fatigue and, according to limited evidence, improve cognitive function. It has been shown to enhance endurance during physical activity in a dose-dependent manner, with significant effects apparent at doses of 2.5 mg/kg of bodyweight (~170 mg for a 150 lb. individual; ~227 mg for a 200 lb. individual).
This product contains 1472.3 mg of creatine (as creatine monohydrate, magnesium creatine chelate, creatine hcl) per serving. Some evidence suggests that creatine shows greater efficacy when taken as a “loading” dose (20 g/day as 4-5 separate doses) for 5 days, followed by a “maintenance dose” of 2 g/day. Evidence of benefit is strongest in younger populations and in those who are not highly trained, particularly for short-term, high-intensity exercise.
This product contains 1574 mg of beta-alanine per serving. Beta-Alanine supplementation has been shown to enhance endurance via carnosine (its active metabolite) by buffering acid accumulation in metabolically active muscle cells. Doses of 4 g/daily (taken as 2 g doses twice daily) have shown efficacy in human clinical study. Large, acute doses of beta-alanine have resulted in parasthesia; studies have shown that extended-release formulations or smaller individual doses (~1 g) circumvent this issue.
This product contains 982.4 mg of arginine (as arginine-AKG) per serving. L-Arginine's role in pre-workout supplementation is primarily mediated via its role as the primary precursor to nitric oxide (NO), which is implicated in vasodilation, blood flow, mitochondrial respiration, and platelet function. Standard pre-workout doses range from 3 - 6 g. Limited clinical evidence suggests that its efficacy as an ergogenic aid is unreliable over both short and long-term supplementation; further research is warranted.
These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.