Creatine content was measured at 0.98g/serving, 2.5% below its 1g label claim.
Bulk samples of this product passed all six heavy metal assays, indicating presence of under 1 PPM (part per million) of arsenic, lead, cadmium, bismuth, antimony, and silver.
Studies have estimated that approximately 2g of creatine are degraded by the body on a daily basis, with ~1g being endogenously produced every day. This product provides 0.98g of creatine per serving, an amount sufficient to restore adequate creatine stores.
This product is also a significant source of vitamins C and E.
One serving of this product contained 37.69mg of creatinine, a waste byproduct formed during creatine metabolism. This amount is just below the 75th percentile (40.62mg/serving) for creatinine levels in this category.
Limited research has also suggested that creatinine may exacerbate existing kidney disease.
Additionally, this product contains Acesulfame Potassium (Ace K), a controversial artificial sweetener linked to a negative influence on taste preference. Pending research is testing hypotheses regarding Ace K's negative effects on cognitive function, prenatal development, and carcinogenicity.
This product also utilizes Sucralose (Splenda), one of the safer artificial sweetener options. There is limited clinical evidence that it may trigger migraines in those who have previously suffered from migraines. Clinical study did not show any carcinogenic, reproductive, or neurological adverse effects.
This product contains 0.98g creatine/serving. Some evidence suggests that creatine shows greater efficacy when taken as a “loading” dose (20g/day as 4-5 separate doses) for 5 days, followed by a “maintenance dose” of 2g/day. Evidence of benefit is strongest in younger populations and in those who are not highly trained, particularly for short-term, high-intensity exercise.
Furthermore, this product contains 23.2% creatine by concentration, significantly below the 78.1% category average.
Creatine is supplied as a conjugate of nitrate (creatine nitrate), which shows increased solubility in water. Clinical evidence supporting its ergogenic benefit over other formulations is lacking.
These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.