Sugar content was measured at <0.088 g/serving.
Caffeine content was measured at 330 mg/serving, 5.7% below its 350 mg label claim.
Beta-Alanine content was measured at 4340 mg/serving, 9.6% below its 4800 mg label claim.
One serving of this product recorded 0.034 mcg of total arsenic. Using the assumption that inorganic arsenic comprises 80% of total arsenic, one serving of this product falls below inorganic arsenic’s daily intake limit of 0.1 mcg.
One serving of this product recorded 0.009 mcg of cadmium, falling below cadmium's 4.1 mcg daily intake limit.
One serving of this product recorded 0.036 mcg of lead, falling below lead's 0.5 mcg daily intake limit.
One serving of this product recorded 0.014 mcg of mercury, falling below mercury's 0.3 mcg daily intake limit.
This product claimed 16 calories and 4 g of carbohydrate per serving. Furthermore, this product recorded <0.088 g of added sugar per serving. As a point of reference, new World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines propose limiting daily added sugar intake to no more than 10% of total energy intake, with a further reduction to 5% (~25g based on a 2000 calorie daily diet) providing additional benefit.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has cited that caffeine intake up to 400 mg/day is generally recognized as safe for healthy adults. Two daily servings of this product would exceed this limit.
No flagged inactive ingredients were recorded in this product.
This product contains 330 mg of caffeine per serving. Caffeine is a popular stimulant shown to increase energy, decrease fatigue and, according to limited evidence, improve cognitive function. It has been shown to enhance endurance during physical activity in a dose-dependent manner, with significant effects apparent at doses of 2.5 mg/kg of bodyweight (~170 mg for a 150 lb. individual; ~227 mg for a 200 lb. individual).
This product contains 4340 mg of beta-alanine per serving. Beta-Alanine supplementation has been shown to enhance endurance via carnosine (its active metabolite) by buffering acid accumulation in metabolically active muscle cells. Doses of 4 g/daily (taken as 2 g doses twice daily) have shown efficacy in human clinical study. Large, acute doses of beta-alanine have resulted in parasthesia; studies have shown that extended-release formulations or smaller individual doses (~1 g) circumvent this issue.
These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.