Creatine content was measured at 4.92g/serving, 1.6% below its 5g label claim.
Bulk samples of this product passed all six heavy metal assays, indicating presence of under 1 PPM (part per million) of arsenic, lead, cadmium, bismuth, antimony, and silver.
Studies have estimated that approximately 2g of creatine are degraded by the body on a daily basis, with ~1g being endogenously produced every day. This product provides 4.92g of creatine per serving, an amount sufficient to restore adequate creatine stores.
One serving of this product contained 2.78mg of creatinine, a waste byproduct formed during creatine metabolism. This amount is just over the 25th percentile (2.04mg/serving) for creatinine levels in this category.
No other flagged inactive ingredients were recorded in this product.
This product contains 4.92g creatine/serving. Some evidence suggests that creatine shows greater efficacy when taken as a “loading” dose (20g/day as 4-5 separate doses) for 5 days, followed by a “maintenance dose” of 2g/day. Evidence of benefit is strongest in younger populations and in those who are not highly trained, particularly for short-term, high-intensity exercise.
Furthermore, this product contains 60.0% creatine by concentration, below the 78.1% category average.
Creatine is supplied as creatine monohydrate, the form most commonly used in scientific study. Standard dosages (5-10g) of creatine monohydrate have shown bioavailability levels of ~99%. This value depends on the dose consumed; large doses taken over a short period of time show reduced absorption.
These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.